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Apprenticeship in India

The Apprentices Act, 1961 was enacted with the objective of regulating the program of training of apprentices in the industry by utilizing the facilities available therein for imparting on-the-job training. As the 1961 law was old and with changing times needed revamping - Government of India has brought about comprehensive reforms in the Apprenticeship Act in 2014 & the Apprenticeship Rules in 2015 to make apprenticeship more industry-friendly. Features of the act and key changes made are -

  • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) & Ministry of Human Resource & Development (MHRD) are responsible for the implementation of the Act
  • Any company or establishment with headcount > 6 is eligible but it is mandatory as per law for any company or establishment with headcount > 40 to engage apprentices
  • An apprentice is paid a consolidated monthly stipend, without statutory ESI and EPF contributions and deductions
  • An apprentice cannot be an employee of the organization - Section 18 of the Apprentices Act, 1961 stipulates that the apprentices are trainees and not workers. The provisions of any law with respect to labour shall not apply to or in relation to such apprentice
  • Removal of prescriptive, quota-based apprenticeship norms and the introduction of a flexible need-based band minimum 2.5% to a maximum of 10% of total headcount to be engaged
  • Introduction of Optional Trades under the apprenticeship programme, which shall be designed by industry. This will train the youth to become industry ready with workplace relevant skills

2COMS empowers firms to earn revenue for apprentice hiring

2COMS is an authorized TPA with sister concern Edujobs a BTP for the NAPS implementation.

About 2COMS

At 2COMS we are constantly finding ways to help you achieve your employment objectives that in line with your overall business goals, apprenticeship training is one such area that we’d like to help organizations utilize and excel.

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Apprenticeship in numbers

  • 8,000+

    Apprentices engaged

  • 600+

    Clients served

  • 5 Cr+

    Revenue generated for clients

  • 10+


  • 15

    Making new milestones each day

Client Stories

The most eminent people from the industry have adopted NAPS into their system and have agreed upon the high value that it has created for employers as well as the public.. Here is what some of these stalwarts (who also happen to be our clients) have to say about NAPS.

Knowledge Base

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The following are the relevant FAQs and their answers. Going through these will give you clarity regarding NAPS.

Apprenticeship Training is a course of training in any industry or establishment, undergone in pursuance of a contract of apprenticeship between employer and apprentices and under prescribed terms and conditions.

Yes –

• All establishments having workforce (regular and contract employees) of 30 or more are mandated to undertake Apprenticeship Programs in a range from 2.5% -15% of its workforce (including contractual employees) every year.

• For establishments having a workforce between 4-29 this is optional.

• Establishments have a workforce of 3 or less are not permitted to engage apprentices.

National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) is a new scheme of Government of India to provide financial support to establishments undertaking the apprenticeship training. It was launched on19th August 2016.

To promote apprenticeship training in the country. To provide financial support to establishments to undertake apprenticeship programs in the following ways:-

i) To support establishments, (especially MSMEs) to engage apprentices under the Apprentices Act and pay stipend to them as per prescribed rates wherein under NAPS 25% of prescribed stipend subject to a maximum of Rs. 1500/- per month per apprentice is reimbursed to such establishments by the Government of India to engage apprentices.

ii) To support the establishments, (especially MSMEs) per apprentice for a maximum of 500 hours is reimbursed to them (to be calculated @ Rs. 15/hour) /or to the Basic Training Provider engaged by them under NAPS by the Government of India.

Basic training consists of theoretical and practical/lab instructions portion of every Apprenticeship Programme syllabi relating to a particular trade in which on-the-job-training is to be imparted. The basic training is an essential component of apprenticeship training for those who have not undergone any institutional training/skill training before taking up on-the-job-training/practical training. Basic Training is imparted to the fresher apprentices for acquiring a reasonable ability to handle Instruments/Machineries/Equipment independently prior to being moved to Shop Floor/Work Area for practical training / On-Job Training

Basic Training usually accounts for 20-25% of the duration of the overall Apprenticeship Programme, but can vary depending on the specific requirement of the curriculum.

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